Hypertension is a pathology that is characterized by a persistent increase in blood pressure. With sudden changes in blood pressure increases the likelihood of hypertensive crisis, stroke and heart attack.
Symptoms of the disease at an early stage
Attacks of hypertension are often accompanied by dizziness. Discomfort increases with increased physical activity, emotional stress.
Hypertension is often characterized by the following symptoms:
- Reduced performance;
- The appearance of "flies" in front of the eyes;
- Reduced concentration;
- Memory impairment;
- Pale complexion.
Causes of the Disease
The probability of the disease increases under the influence of the following factors:
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages;
- The presence of kidney disease, occurring in severe form;
- Excess body weight;
- Prolonged stress;
- A sedentary way of life.
The Use of Drugs
In the treatment of hypertension is actively used diuretics. Such drugs help to eliminate excess fluid from the body.
Diet with High Blood Pressure
In the presence of hypertension, it is necessary to sharply limit the amount of salt in the diet. It is able to retain fluid in the body.
The patient is advised to follow the recommendations listed below:
- Products containing animal fats should be excluded from the diet;
- The recommended volume of liquid is not more than 1.5 l;
- The patient is recommended to refuse the use of strong coffee or tea. They can be replaced with compote, juice or drinks prepared on the basis of medicinal herbs;
- In the diet must be present vegetables, salt, herbs and fresh fruit.
Effects of Hypertension
With a sharp increase in blood pressure, a hypertensive crisis often occurs.
In this case, the patient complains of the following adverse symptoms:
- The appearance of shortness of breath;
- The appearance of "shroud" before the eyes;
- Face reddening;
- The occurrence of hemorrhage in the retina;
- The appearance of pain of a pressing nature in the sternum.
Pay attention! In the presence of a patient with hypertension can occur and such serious complications as ventricular hypertrophy, rupture of the aortic aneurysm, heart failure.